IEA Review of Irelandâ€™s energy policies supports countryâ€™s push for a low-carbon economy
Despite a severe economic downturn, Ireland has held to its ambitious energy targets to move itself towards a low-carbon economy. But to reach its goals and break its heavy use of imported fossil fuels, Ireland must invest even more in renewable technologies, expand grid integration and improve energy efficiency, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said last week in a review of Irish energy policies.
â€œAt a time when many governments are shying away from their commitments to clean energy, Ireland has courageously resisted the temptation to scale back its own,â€ IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven said today in Dublin as she released the new study, Energy Policies of IEA Countries â€“ Ireland 2012. â€œA lot has been achieved, yet there is more to do. Now is not the time for complacency.â€
Ireland, whose location gives it some of the best wind and ocean energy resources in Europe, plans to produce 40% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020, one of the highest targets in the world.
The second pillar of Irelandâ€™s decarbonisation strategy relies on the development and optimisation of energy efficiency and research and development into â€œdemand-side managementâ€ technologies. The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan outlines 90 measures and actions to be implemented in order to achieve 20% energy savings as of 2020.
Funding of energy-focused research and development is strong, despite Irelandâ€™s recent economic downturn, and the country has become a world leader for smart grid deployment, a key means to reaching ambitious targets in the deployment of clean generation and end-use technologies, such as variable renewable energies and electric vehicles.
Ireland is highly dependent on imported oil and gas. While the push to develop renewable energies is commendable, the report warns, it will result in an increased reliance on natural gas, as gas-fired power plants will be required to provide flexibility in electricity supply when wind power is unavailable. Two-thirds of Irelandâ€™s electricity already comes from gas-fired generation, which adds to energy security concerns, particularly as 93% of its gas supplies come from a single transit point in Scotland. The country must successfully develop a range of gas and electricity infrastructure projects and market solutions while continuing to integrate its energy markets with regional neighbours.
Regional integration is an ongoing development, in line with the European Unionâ€™s target model. Ireland has successfully implemented the all-island Single Electricity Market (SEM) with Northern Ireland, fostering genuine competition among suppliers. Increased interconnection with the island of Great Britain is underway. In the gas market, the governments of Ireland and Northern Ireland are developing a Common Arrangements for Gas (CAG) framework.
Energy Policies of IEA Countries â€“ Ireland 2012 is now on sale and may be ordered from the IEA Bookshop. Please send a request by email to email@example.com, or order at the following link: http://www.iea.org/publications/bookshop. Accredited journalists who would like to speak with one of the reportâ€™s authors, or who would like to receive a review copy of the report, are invited to send a request by e-mail to IEAPressOffice@iea.org.
About the IEA
The International Energy Agency is an autonomous organisation which works to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member countries and beyond. Founded in response to the 1973/4 oil crisis, the IEAâ€™s initial role was to help countries co-ordinate a collective response to major disruptions in oil supply through the release of emergency oil stocks to the markets. While this continues to be a key aspect of its work, the IEA has evolved and expanded. It is at the heart of global dialogue on energy, providing reliable and unbiased research, statistics, analysis and recommendations.
economic downturn, management technologies, ocean energy, renewable energies
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